Thyroid

 
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Thyroid

THYROID

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped endocrine (hormone secreting) gland in the neck that is found on both sides of the trachea (windpipe).The thyroid secretes three important hormones—thyroxin (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), and calcitonin. T3 and T4 are the thyroid hormones responsible for our overall metabolism and affect almost every cell in our bodies. Calcitonin helps regulate calcium stores in the body and also directs our bone-building process. Iodine is essential to form both T3 and T4. It is one of the most important glands organizing many biochemical functions linked with each other and controlling normal function in our body.

WHAT IS THYROID GLAND?

DISORDERS OF THYROID

PROBLEMS DUE TO THYROID IMBALANCE

THYROID – THE METABOLISM REGULATOR

  • Case History
  • Products
  • FAQ
  • References
  • What is Thyroid gland? What does it do in our body?

    The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped endocrine (hormone secreting) gland in the neck that is found on both sides of the trachea (windpipe).Hormones produced by the thyroid direct calorie consumption, oxygen usage, digestion, the brain and neuromuscular function. The thyroid secretes three important hormones�thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), and calcitonin. T3 and T4 are the thyroid hormones responsible for our overall metabolism and affect almost every cell in our bodies. Calcitonin helps regulate calcium stores in the body and also directs our bone-building process. Iodine is essential to form both T3 and T4. Populations around the globe with iodine-deficient soil are known to have thyroid issues.T4 is essentially the same in structure as T3, only it has an extra iodine molecule, which makes it the inactive form. However, when the thyroid gland is functioning properly, 80% of the hormone it manufactures is T4 while 20% is T3, so T4 is readily converted to T3.Important nutrients for the thyroid are iodine, tyrosine, B vitamins, vitamin A, selenium, zinc, and the essential fatty acids to name a few.

  • What is an endocrine gland / endocrine system?

    The endocrine system is made up of a series of glands that produce chemicals called hormones. Thyroid gland is one of the many endocrine glands such as adrenal, pituitary, pancreas, testes, etc.

  • What is Underactive Thyroid or Hypothyroidism or Hypothyroid?

    Deficiency of the thyroid hormone (Thyroxine) is called Hypothyroidism or Hypothyroid. It is one of those conditions which are often present for many years before they can be recognized and treated effectively. Estimated one in every 50 females and one in 1000 men tend to suffer with this condition. Underactive Thyroid is also called Hypothyroidism.

  • What are the types of Underactive Thyroid?

    Underactive Thyroid can be of two types:

    Primary hypothyroidism: Here the problem lies in the thyroid gland and hence it fails to produce sufficient hormones due to certain causes.

    Secondary hypothyroidism: In this type, the pituitary gland is at fault and it is unable to produce sufficient quantity of TSH. Lack of TSH in turn causes decreased production of T3 and T4 by the thyroid gland due to lack of stimulus from the pituitary.

  • What are the causes of Underactive Thyroid?

    Primary Hypothyroidism or Underactive thyroid can be caused due to several reasons such as follows:

    • Iodine deficiency
    • Inflammation of the thyroid gland
    • Post-thyroidectomy
    • Post-radiotherapy

    Secondary hypothyroidism is commonly caused by the following:

    • Pituitary gland dysfunction
    • Hypothalamic dysfunction
  • How stress is related to Underactive Thyroid?

    Stress is the commonest trigger for thyroid dysfunction: Read more in details on:Hypothyroidism Causes

  • What are the symptoms of Underactive Thyroid?

    The symptoms of hypothyroidism are frequently missed out and especially in elderly females these are mistaken to be symptoms of menopause. The beginning of the symptoms is often not noted markedly and hence the condition remains under-diagnosed.

    Patient may experience few of the following symptoms:

    • Fatigue, exhaustion, weakness, unexplained weight gain, cold intolerance
    • Hairloss, thinning of hair, coarse dry hair
    • Dry, rough, pale and itchy skin
    • Severe mood swings, depression, memory loss, irritability, reduced concentration
    • Abnormal menstrual cycles, increased menstrual flow
    • Decreased libido
    • Infertility, miscarriages
    • Puffy, swollen face and dull facial expressions
    • Hoarse voice and slow speech
    • Goiter (swelling of the thyroid gland)
    • Non-pitting edema (swelling)
    • Pitting edema (swelling) of the feet

    Patient may have any kind of combination of the symptoms mentioned above depending on the duration and severity of the condition. Occasionally patient may be asymptomatic or may be having very subtle symptoms.

  • How is Underactive Thyroid diagnosed?

    Diagnosis of hypothyroidism can be established based on the results of tests done to measure the levels of these hormones in the blood.

    Commonly done investigations are as follows:

    T3, T4 (levels of thyroid hormones) in the blood Thyroid stimulating hormone levels (TSH) Anti-thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO) antibodies Ultrasonography (USG) of the neck and thyroid.

    To read more in details about the underactive thyroid diagnosis

  • What is sub-clinical and clinical Hypothyroidism?

    Diagnosis of hypothyroidism can be established based on the results of tests done to measure the levels of these hormones in the blood

    Commonly done investigations are as follows:

    T3, T4 (levels of thyroid hormones) in the blood Thyroid stimulating hormone levels (TSH) Anti-thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO) antibodies Ultrasonography (USG) of the neck and thyroid.

    To read more in details about the underactive thyroid diagnosis

  • What are the complications of an untreated Underactive Thyroid?

    If left untreated, hypothyroidism can lead to several other health issues like:

    • Goiter
    • Heart ailments
    • Mental health
    • Myxedema
    • Concerning females and child birth related issues

    To read more in details about the complications, refer: Complications

  • I am a case of Underactive Thyroid, why am I not able to lose weight, on the contrary I am putting on more weight?

    The main purpose of the thyroid hormone is to run the body�s metabolism, in case of underactive Thyroid, the metabolism is slowed down which leads to excess weight gain, accumulation of fat and water. Once you start responding to the treatment, one can expect so see a change in the weight as well.

  • Does every woman with Underactive Thyroid have to worry about infertility?

    Undiagnosed and untreated thyroid disease can be a cause for infertility or recurrent miscarriage as it causes anovulation (failure to ovulate). Once the thyroid is corrected, and ovulation is occurring, fertility is usually very good and one can continue with the pregnancy.

  • I have Underactive Thyroid, what are the chances of my child having it?

    Genetics do play a role in Underactive Thyroid, if one of the family members has Underactive Thyroid, then you have more chances of having it.

  • What are the other conditions associated with Underactive Thyroid?

    Usually associated with other auto-immune disorder like insulin dependent diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, etc

    Gout
    Addison�s disease
    PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome)

  • I am a case of Underactive Thyroid, what kind of diet do I need to take and what should I avoid?
    • Food items that can are helpful for thyroid functions are: carrots, spinach, apricots, asparagus, olive oil, avocado, sunflower seeds, whole grain cereals, bananas, oily fish
    • Food item that may interfere with iodine uptake are and should not be taken in high quantity are: cabbage, kale, broccoli, kohirabi, mustard, lima beans, linseed, sweet potato, peanuts, soy products, so keep these to a minimum.
    • Avoid Stimulants like caffeine drinks like coffee, cola; avoid stimulants like smoking and alcohol as these all effect the thyroid function.
    • Reduce Stress: Stress is a major factor and is thought to be a contributing factor to the development of hypothyroidism.
  • What is the treatment for Underactive Thyroid?

    Conventional treatment is basically a Thyroid Replacement therapy Hypothyroidism is treated with the levorotatory forms of thyroxine (levothyroxine) (L-T4) and triiodothyronine (liothyronine) (L-T3).

    However My HealthWorks strongly recommends following regimen

    THYROID

    Reversal                                              Recovery                                 Restoration & Maintenance

    THYRO-X PROTOMAX NANO CURCUMIN
    PRIMROSE OMEGA-369 GLUTA-C
    MULTIMAX ALOE VERA
    COCONUT MIRACLE-X

References

Lycopene from the neo-Latin lycopersicum, the tomato species, is a bright red carotene and carotenoid pigment andphytochemical found in tomatoes and other red fruits and vegetables, such as red carrots, watermelons, gac, and papayas, although not in strawberries, or cherries.[2] Although lycopene is chemically a carotene, it has novitamin A activity.[3] Foods that are not red may also contain lycopene, such as asparagus or parsley.

Deficiency and toxicity: It is possible that high doses of PABA can be somewhat irritating to the liver; in addition, nausea and vomiting have occurred, as have anorexia, fever, skin rash, and even vitiligo. Deficiency problems are not very common; they occur more frequently with the use of sulfa or other antibiotics that alter the functioning of intestinal bacteria and, therefore, the production of PABA. General fatigue, irritability, depression, nervousness, graying hair, headache, and constipation or other digestive symptoms may occur. Several patients have told me that they are "sensitive" to PABA in vitamin formulae and, thus, cannot take them (most vitamin combinations contain PABA). I do not know what this reaction is unless it is some allergy to the para-amino-benzoic acid molecule. Requirements:No RDA is listed for PABA. It is available in supplements of 50-1,000 mg. Up to 1,000 mg. are used therapeutically in a time-released capsule, although the common treatment amount is usually about 50-100 mg. three times daily. If we take antibiotics, we might increase our intake of PABA for a while, although PABA taken with sulfa antibiotics may reduce their effectiveness. A therapeutic approach used by some authorities to attempt to restore normal hair color is 1,000 mg., time-released, daily for six days a week, taken with 400 mcg. of folic acid.